Meaning of Iman
The word Iman comes from the Arabic language. In short, it means faith. The term Iman is not to be mistaken for Imam (leader in prayer) or Imane (female name).
The concept of Iman is important in Islam. It determines whether a person is Muslim or not. The possessor of Iman is described in the Quran as a Mu'min. The term Mu'min means 'believer'.
Merely believing is not enough. It must be followed up with actions and statements. For example, you cannot claim to be a Muslim without pronouncing the Shahada, or if you do not pray.
So it is not possible in Islam to claim to have faith while ignoring the five pillars. Similarly, there are other issues that are important in order to remain a believer.