Categories of Tawheed
Allah brings up the subject of His Unity a lot of times. Allah emphasizes Tawheed because it is the basis of religion. It is essential for a Muslim to believe in this concept. Now let's talk about how this concept is divided into three categories.
1. Tawheed Asmaa wa Sifaat in de Quran
The Names and Attributes of Allah (Asmaa wa Sifaat) is one of the categories by which Allah makes known what His Names and Attributes are. Thus, it is a great favor to know more about Allah since it strengthens the Eman of a Muslim.
Allah! There is no god ˹worthy of worship˺ except Him, the Ever-Living, All-Sustaining. Neither drowsiness nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who could possibly intercede with Him without His permission? He ˹fully˺ knows what is ahead of them and what is behind them, but no one can grasp any of His knowledge—except what He wills ˹to reveal˺. His Seat1 encompasses the heavens and the earth, and the preservation of both does not tire Him. For He is the Most High, the Greatest.
(Surah Al-Baqara, 255)
Allah! There is no god ˹worthy of worship˺ except Him—the Ever-Living, All-Sustaining.
(Soera Al-Imran, 2)
Allah—there is no god ˹worthy of worship˺ except Him. He has the Most Beautiful Names.
(Surah Taha, 8)
2. Tawheed Rububiyyah
This category implies that Allah has all power over His creation. He has power over: the sun, the rain, the earth, the people etc. He provides life and He gives death. No one has the strength and power to control creation except Allah. The term Rububiyyah (Reign) comes from the word 'Rabb', which means 'Lord' in Arabic.
Their messengers asked ˹them˺, “Is there any doubt about Allah, the Originator of the heavens and the earth? He is inviting you in order to forgive your sins, and delay your end until your appointed term.” They argued, “You are no more than humans like us! You ˹only˺ wish to turn us away from what our forefathers worshiped. So bring us some compelling proof.”
(Surah Ibrahim, 10)
If you ask them ˹O Prophet˺ who created the heavens and the earth, they will certainly say, “The Almighty, All-Knowing did.”
Moses replied, “You know well that none has sent these ˹signs˺ down except the Lord of the heavens and the earth as insights. And I really think that you, O Pharaoh, are doomed.”
3. Tawheed Uluhiyyah
Uluhiyyah is about the worship of Allah. He alone has the right to be worshiped. This form of Tawheed is often emphasized in the Quran. It is essential as a Muslim to attribute worship completely and only to Him.
When people are touched with hardship, they cry out to their Lord, turning to Him ˹alone˺. But as soon as He gives them a taste of His mercy, a group of them associates ˹others˺ with their Lord ˹in worship˺,
(Surah Ar-Rum, 33)
Their limbs do forsake their beds of sleep, the while they call on their Lord, in Fear and Hope: and they spend (in charity) out of the sustenance which We have bestowed on them.
(Surah As-Sajda, 16)
So, worship Allah, making your submission exclusive for Him, even though the disbelievers dislike (it).
(Surah Ghafir, 14)
And your Lord has said, "Invoke Me and I will respond to you. Surely the ones who wax too proud to do Me worship will soon enter Hell utterly abject."
(Surah Ghafir, 60)